From spyware to dodgy online merchants, the threat of online fraud is real – and you are the best line of defence.
The key to combating online fraud is knowing what threats exist and taking easy steps to beat them.
Types of online fraud include:
- Internet banking fraud – committed using online technology to illegally remove money from, or transfer it to, a different bank account. Types of internet banking fraud include phishing and mule recruitment, and can happen through a smartphone, tablet and other mobile devices.
- Mobile banking – Using a computer, tablet or smartphone is so convenient and banks protect your accounts with sophisticated software systems, so criminals focus on customers directly, tricking victims into revealing confidential information. Consider the switch from paper statements to online statements, because identity theft is harder without statements going into mailboxes. Financial institutions never request someone to send their bank details or request someone to log into their account via email. Think about using a digital wallet (such as Google Pay and Apple Pay) where you can payWave transactions and verify with fingerprints – and remember that a banking app is a great way to regularly keeptrack of transactions.
- Phishing – involves a form of spam to fraudulently gain access to people’s internet banking details, and usually are made to appear as having come from a bank and encourage unsuspecting victims to provide their personal banking details. Typically, a phishing email has a link, which when clicked will download a program that captures keyboard strokes – including login details – and sends them to a third party.
- Mule recruitment – an attempt to get a person to receive stolen funds using his or her bank account, and then transfer those funds to criminals overseas. An approach could be fraudulent job and employment emails sent to random email addresses, in the hope of involving an unsuspecting victim in the criminal activity.
- Shopping and auction site fraud – is where a person is tricked into not using a secure payment service because of advice from a seller. This can involve being sent purported links to banking services in an email, which actually leads to fraudulent sites or prompting the download of a ‘Trojan’ virus or ‘key logging’ program.
- Spam – unsolicited commercial messages sent via email, SMS, MMS and other, similar electronic messaging media which try and persuade someone to buy a product or service or visit a website to make a purchase. They can also trick you into divulging bank account or credit card details.
- Investment scams – People should seek independent advice from professionals before sending funds offshore to overseas investments and undertake due diligence.
Beating the scammers
To prevent online fraud:
Keep current with your software and virus protection
- Create strong passwords
- Ignore emails from senders you don’t know
- Use your pop-up blocker
- Download files only from sites or persons that you know and trust
- Sign up for email/SMS “transaction alerts” from your bank to keep track of your purchases
- Make sure your financial institution has your up-to-date contact details
Mobile technology is a common way for people to transact online, and people need to stay safe by:
- Protecting a device both physically and with passwords/PIN codes
- Never storing sensitive account information on mobile devices
- Being aware of surroundings— and not reading sensitive details in public
Scammers pretend to be from trusted companies or government departments – they email you fake bills or want remote access to your computer to ‘fix the problem’ – so never allow remote access to your computer systems and never access your online banking when on the phone to a stranger.
If you’re contacted unexpectedly from a government agency or business, always consider that it may be a scam. If you’re unsure whether a call or email is genuine, verify the identity of the contact through an independent source, such as a phone book or online search. Don’t use the contact details provided by the caller or in the message they sent to you.
Government agencies and private companies don’t ever call and request you to transfer money overseas via a money remitting company. They would also never ask you to purchase Itunes cards under any circumstances.
Phone companies do not contact people and request them to assist in chasing or catching computer hackers.
Talk to any elderly relatives and friends about scams. The over 65 sector is falling victim to these scams daily, and are heavily over-represented.
If you’ve sent money or shared your banking or credit card details, contact your financial institution immediately. It may be able to stop or reverse a transaction or close your account.